English attitudes towards Scotland?

Does anyone have information about English attitudes towards Scotland during the eighteenth century? Samuel Johnson despised Scotland, and I wonder if that was a wide-spread attitude.

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  1. Marina Dossena

    Thanks to Wim for the reference; a more extensive study is in my _Scotticisms in Grammar and Vocabulary_ (Edinburgh: John Donald 2005)

  2. Nuria Yanez-Bouza

    Perhaps this reference helps too:
    Frank, Thomas (1994). Language standardization in eighteenth-century Scotland. In: Stein, Dieter and Ingrid Tieken-Boon van Ostade (ed.), Towards a Standard English, 1600-1800. (Topics in English Linguistics 12). Berlin & New York: Mouton de Gruyter. 51-62.

  3. Anni Sairio

    Thank you both, this was very helpful. Johnson apparently wasn’t alone in his prejudices, and Scots themselves seemed quite anxious to get rid of Scotticisms in their language. David Hume published a list of Scotticisms to be avoided in the Scots Magazine in 1760 (this from Joan C. Beal’s English in Modern Times, p. 96). I was mostly wondering about this in terms of linguistic influence in an English social network which was connected by relatively weak but important ties to learned Scotsmen. A spread of linguistic innovations from Scotland to this network of polite people would not have been very likely. Possible, though.

  4. Wim Vandenbussche

    As far as attitudes towards Scots and Scotticisms at that time are concerned, you may want to have a look at
    Marina Dossena (2003); Scots. in: Deumert & Vandenbussche. eds. Germanic standardizations. Amsterdam: Benjamins. 383-404. The bibliography at the end of the article is extensive and will provide further references of interest.

  5. Anita

    I can suggest Paul Langford’s ‘A Polite and Commercial People: England 1727-1783’ (1992), which contains a few pages on English attitudes towards Scotland and Scotticisms.

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